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Feeding our Carnivore Companions

Figure 1. Fossilized dog skull with a mammoth bone in its mouth courtesy of http:/

Dogs have been domesticated as early as the age of the Dinosaurs as proven by an archaeological find in the Czech Republic: the remains of a Paleolithic dog with a mammoth bone still in its mouth unearthed in an archaeological site in Předmostí, Czech Republic.¹  This indicates the already close relationship between the early canids and humans.  They served as beasts of burden and companions at the same time.  The mammoth bone in the skull’s mouth is an indication that the creature had raw meaty bones as its diet.

Our ancient ancestors provided the companion dog whole carcasses when available, raw meaty bones, offal and leftover scraps. 2   The dog would then supplement what little food it received by foraging and scavenging on its own, or hunting small prey animals.3  As carnivores, they are just doing what Nature has intended for them. The human masters of these carnivores were also guided by Nature unlike today, wherein we are conditioned and influenced by the words of so called experts who discuss feeding in terms of calories, proteins, fats and a host of other scientific concepts.2

Dogs are carnivores because their external and internal anatomy and physiology are designed for meat eating.  If you look at the dentition of the dog, the mouth is equipped with sharp incisors, canines, premolars and molars.  The incisors are positioned and designed to be used for pulling and chewing meat off the bone, for holding food, grooming, and nibbling at skin parasites.  The canines are designed for puncturing and ripping meat from the bone.  Premolars are triangular and knife-like in shape so that it could cut through hide, tendons, meat and bones.  The molars are the ones located way back in the mouth near the joint of the jaw bone.  They are designed to crush meat and bone in the up-and-down motion of the jaws.  This straight forward up and down motion facilitates simple dicing and crushing of food before it is swallowed in large pieces.  They never allow movement from side to side which would allow more chewing and grinding action on the food such as those observed with humans and animals that have plant material in their diet.  The muscles of the jaw and neck are even powerful and assist in capturing and subjugating prey besides the mechanical function of cutting and chewing into meat, bone and hide of the carcass.4 Ripping, tearing, and chewing raw meat, bones and carcasses not only bestow nutritional benefits but also

Figure 4. Dog chewing on a raw meaty bone courtesy of

contribute to the animal’s physiological and psychological wellbeing.  It is not enough that they get fed everyday; the time and effort that they expend in chewing and tearing into meat and bones exercises the muscles of the body especially the jaws and neck and tones the other body systems (digestive, nervous, hormonal, and immune systems).  Eating tough, chewy carcasses or large pieces of raw meaty bones even cleans the teeth and gums and clean teeth and gums are an essential part of what it means to be healthy.

Internally, dogs have a simple and elastic stomach that can hold large quantities of meat, bone, organs, and hide.5   The foregut and colon are both short with the latter even having a smooth, and unsacculated architecture facilitating a quicker passage of food.6   Their digestive system is not designed to break down and digest food of plant origin.  They don’t normally have the necessary enzymes and bacteria to break-down starches, cellulose, and carbohydrates from plant sources.6   The world’s leading authority on pet care and nutrition, Waltham®, have even determined through their own research into pet nutrition that dogs are indeed carnivores as mentioned from the above anatomical and physiological attributes. Despite this characteristic digestive anatomy, dogs are erroneously claimed to be plant eaters

(omnivores) because of the wrong assumption that they ingest the stomach contents of their prey just like their close ancestor the wolf; however, this is just an assumption since studies and observations from wolf experts themselves indicate that wolves do not eat the contents of the intestinal tract but they do eat the intestinal tract itself. 6  In David Mech’s book, “Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation,” he states that wolves would tear and puncture the body cavity of their prey consuming the internal organs and spilling the content of the stomach and intestines.  They have no interest in eating the contents of the digestive tract.   Dogs are not too far removed from wolves, on the contrary, they are close genetic cousins sharing almost 100% mitochondrial DNA; therefore, a dog’s digestive system does not differ from the wolf.7   They have the same physiological and nutritional needs as those of their carnivorous cousins: they also need to ingest all of the flesh and major organs of other animals for growth and maintenance and leave out the ingested plant material inside the guts of their kill.

Figure 7. A pack of dingoes courtesy of https://s-media 09454e48a049f7838d5098eb55499959.jpg

Left to their own devices in the wild, dogs will form packs and hunt other

animals just like wolves.7  They could even interbreed with them and produce fertile offspring because of their close genetic relationship.7

Figure 9. Dog eating a whole chicken carcass courtesy of

Dogs, therefore, should be fed a carnivorous diet similar to what their wild cousins have been eating for thousands, if not millions of years.  That diet consists of a whole carcass or the whole prey itself (organs, edible bones, muscle meat, skin, hide, hair, feathers, fat and other body tissues).  This is Nature’s design of providing proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins and trace elements to carnivores in a raw, tough, and chewy form and texture.       Commercial pet food, therefore, whether in kibble or canned form, is not a natural and appropriate diet

Figure 10. Dog posing with samples of bagged kibble and canned dog food courtesy of

for our carnivore companions.  Besides the carbohydrates from plant sources, waste materials of the human food industry are also utilized as ingredients.  Its consumption, therefore, has even brought about a

Figure 11. Canine periodontal disease courtesy of

myriad of diseases that were once non-existent: dermatitis, cancer, joint problems, heart problems, kidney problems, digestive problems, liver problems, pancreas problems, coat problems, tooth problems, anal gland problems, glandular disorders, allergies, and others.8   Pet-food companies even admit that after three years of consuming such a diet, dogs suffer from periodontal and gums diseases due to the fact that canned food and kibble does not clean teeth.  Food particles stick to the teeth and serves as nutrients for oral bacteria leading to teeth and gum disease.2

Figure 13. Dead animal carcasses being transported to a rendering plant courtesy of

Susan Thixton, a pet food safety advocate, says that we need to question the manufacturers on the kind of raw materials that they use in producing

pet food products.  Government regulations on raw materials such as meat (beef, chicken, lamb, venison, etc.),  meat by-products, meat meal, animal by-products, meat and bone meal, fish meal, and egg product allows for variation in implementation depending on the regulatory definition of the material.  Just as long as it is suitable for use in animal food, these materials can be sourced either from slaughtered, 4D (dead, dying, diseased or disabled) animals, or both.9   Quality and whatever component of the animal is included in the material is not strictly monitored.  The rise of the “Salvage Food” industry has even taken advantage of this situation — selling food waste generated by other industries to the pet food companies.

Figure 14. Meat in a meat rendering plant courtesy of

Other raw materials being utilized together with the meat ingredients are vegetable and fruit ingredients,vegetable protein, vegetable flour, vegetable fiber, vegetable oil (canola oil, etc.), flavor additives (idacetyl, 2,3-pentanedion, etc.), thickeners, and various preservatives. Vegetable and fruit ingredients, vegetable protein, flour, fiber, and oil are also unnatural for carnivores. Just like meat products, they can be sourced either from fresh produce, waste material or both. Flavor additives, thickeners, and various preservatives obviously have no nutritional value and are even harmful to the animal.

Further advances in food manufacturing in the late 1950s led to the development of the extrusion process wherein meat, fat, and grain scraps are cooked at high temperatures and passed through a die to form the familiar pelleted feed.10  Unfortunately, this process also creates all sorts of toxic reactions including advanced glycation end products and heterocyclic amines in the food product.10  Glycation end products causes inflammatory disease conditions and is carcinogenic.11  Heterocyclic amines are also carcinogenic.11

For most people, however, feeding whole carcasses or whole prey might be difficult and expensive.  Canned and packaged food is much more convenient compared to sourcing and preparing a prey model diet that requires work and dedication.  Commercial pet food is indeed convenient but you are feeding unnatural food and toxic additives which cause a whole lot of health problems and shortens the lifespan of the animal.  Rather than thinking of convenience, we should be more concerned of the health and well-being of our pets.  You would not feed unhealthy food to your own human companions if you know full well that it would be detrimental to their health and well-being. Yes, admittedly, it requires work and dedication but in the long run future cost are reduced since your pet being at its peak of health have minimal need for medical expenses and purchases of pet supplements and supplies.  Pet owners are also spared from the stress and guilt of having to deal with a diseased and/or dying animal.   As time goes by and your dog’s diet diversifies from one raw carcass to another, you have already found ways to cut cost and time and established relationships with reliable suppliers of meat and carcasses.

Figure 18. Dr. Billinghurst and his BARF diet display courtesy of

Figure 17. Dr. B’s Beef Recipe BARF for Dogs courtesy of

How about a home-made, home-cooked diet and the so-called BARF (Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or Bones and Raw Food) diet advocated by Dr. Billinghurst?  Are these appropriate enough?  The answer would still be no since there is no better alternative to raw feeding.  Cooking food, just like extrusion, would alter the proteins, vitamins, fats, minerals and enzymes in food.  The bioavailability of these nutrients is decreased.  Proteins become less digestible, are abrasive on the intestines, and causes allergy in animals that eat them.¹²  Fats become toxic and the balance of short and long chain fatty acids are changed.¹²  BARF, on the other hand, is a wrong approach to raw feeding due to the fact that Dr. Billinghurst had a history of being involved with the Raw Meaty Bones Lobby, a Sydney veterinary doctors’ lobby group advocating raw diet for pets, and then later on resigned to promote his own take on raw feeding with the erroneous belief that dogs are omnivores so that his diet also consists of vegetables, fruit, milk products, high priced bottled supplements and grain.¹³  He even advocates giving grounded meat and bone in order to avoid the risk of choking on bones; however, this type of food preparation can still cause choking especially if the dog tends to gulp down or swallow its food without thorough chewing and the benefit of dental health is lost as well as the psychological and physiological good that the animal gets in ripping, tearing, and chewing its food. But how do you switch your pet to a raw diet?  What are the basic guidelines that people could follow to get their pets to eat raw food without any hitches?  It all depends on you and how your pet would respond to the change.  You could try to stop feeding commercial dog food right away and start feeding raw meaty bones or you could fast the animal for a day to detox your pet from the commercial pet food.14  You could also try to tempt the animal by rattling the bowl and tossing small pieces of meat, mixing chopped meat and commercial pet food or coating the raw meaty bones with dog food.  The important thing is to start off slowly, picking out one type of meat and feeding that for about a week or more.  Whole chickens or chicken backs and frames is a good start for all sizes of dogs.2 According to Tom Lonsdale’s book, “Work Wonders – Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones,” quality raw meaty bones and carcasses are as follows:

1. Chicken and turkey backs and frames






2. Poultry heads, feet, necks and wings






3.  Whole fish and fish heads






4. Carcasses of goat, sheep, lamb, calf, deer and kangaroo sawn into large pieces





5. Pigs’ trotters, pigs’ heads, sheep heads, brisket, tail bones and rib bones











Once your pet is used to eating raw meaty bones for a period of time (a week or more), try adding something new: a little organ meat (heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, intestines, etc.), or a new meat type (beef, pork, lamb, venison, etc.).14  Take your time, allow a week or so and let your pet adjust slowly to the change in food before adding another new food item.

When feeding wild game like quail, pheasant, dove, duck, goose, deer, elk, bison, etc., check the carcass thoroughly for lead shots or pellets to prevent its ingestion and freeze the meat or carcass (preferably at – 20 °C) for at least 24 hours prior to feeding to kill any parasites; however, if the carcass comes from a reliable source then you don’t need to freeze it.15

Do not feed fish everyday and it should not be the main component of the diet since certain species of fish like carp, smelt, herring and catfish can cause thiamine deficiency.15  Fish, also, carry parasites so you need to freeze it first for at least 24 hours to kill them.15  Fresh fish caught using fishing hooks should be inspected to ensure that there are no fish hooks left inside the belly, stomach, throat, and mouth.  Sharp spines or dorsal fins on certain fish (catfish, bass, etc.) should be cut off.

Wild rodents like squirrels, rats, mice, etc., and rabbits should be acquired from reliable sources, if possible, since they not only carry parasites but, also infectious diseases like the plague.15  They must be frozen first for one month or more before feeding.15

Figure 19. Cow femur courtesy of

Do not feed weight-bearing bones of large herbivores like femurs, knuckle bones, etc.15  They can break a dog’s teeth.

Do not feed too much organ meats (heart, lung, kidneys, intestines, etc.) to prevent bouts of diarrhea.15

Liver can be fed once every two weeks in addition to the raw meaty bones and should not be more frequent than this to prevent an excess of vitamin A.

Pancreas can supply needed digestive enzymes and can help dogs that have pancreatic insufficiency.
Sick animals, who are unable to eat raw meaty bones, can be given chopped or grounded meat and offal instead.2  This should be done until the animal has regained its health.

Sensitivity or allergy to a specific type of meat can be alleviated by changing to a different meat type (from beef to rabbit, turkey, etc.).

Raw meaty bones should make up 70% of the diet, the rest are offal or organ meat.  However, if offal is not available, 100% of the diet can be solely composed of raw meaty bones.2

Figure 22. Dog with a huge ball of frozen raw meaty bones in front of it courtesy of

You can feed raw meaty bones and whole carcasses partially frozen, totally frozen, or totally thawed.15 It all depends on your pet’s preference. Giving frozen raw meaty bones would train your dog to thoroughly chew their food and really work at it and not gulp it down resulting to possible choking or digestive problems. Feed raw meaty bones in as large of a piece as possible.

Rule of thumb: feed something bigger than the dog’s head.15 A whole slab of ribs joined together can be given to big dogs; chicken quarters can be given to smaller dogs. If there are leftovers, simply pick them up, refrigerate or refreeze them, and feed it the next day.

A dish or food container is usually not needed when feeding unless you want to add other items together with the RMBs (raw meaty bones) like whole eggs, organ meat, or fish.

Figure 23. Two dogs being fed outside with a huge turkey carcass courtesy of

You can feed the animal outside, in its cage or crate, corner of the kitchen, garage, or laundry area.  If fed outside, the carcass or RMBs can be thrown on the ground.  Partly-eaten bones can be left for further nibbling.  You can also train the animal to eat in a specific spot inside the house using a towel or plastic table cloth.15  If the dog wanders off the cloth or towel, pick up the food and place it back on the cloth or towel and at the same time give verbal commands such as “Stay” to reinforce the idea that he/she is supposed to stay on that specific spot.15  After feeding you can clean the plastic cloth with regular soap and water or have the towel laundered.

You can feed in the morning, afternoon, or evening.  It all depends on the time that is convenient for you and your dog.  You can also make feeding times random if your pet becomes familiar with the routine and annoys you.  Let the dog spend at least 10 – 30 minutes on eating.

The general guidelines for frequency of feeding is: 3 times a day feeding for puppies 4 -5 months of age, 2 times a day feeding for dogs over 6 months of age, and once a day feeding for mature dogs from one year of age and up.  These are general guidelines and can be adjusted or modified depending on the feeding behavior of your pet.

Dogs can also be fasted for a day to cleanse and tone the body and to rest the digestive system.15  This copies what wild canids experience in the wild.  Food is not readily available everyday so most of the time, the dog’s cousin, the wolf, would go on days without food.

Raw feeders even employ a technique wherein the dog receives a huge meal the night before the fast and then fasted the next day.15  A light meal can be given in the morning after the fast or a huge meal (a whole carcass or half of a huge animal carcass) is given in the evening.  Often dog owners complain of their pets not being consistent with their appetites.  The dog will have a healthy appetite one day and then become picky the next day.  This situation would be a perfect time to fast your pet during times when he/she becomes sporadic in their appetite.

The recommended amount of food to be given to your pet per day is 2-3% of the desired body weight and is adjusted depending on the animal’s age, body condition and level of activity.15  Big dogs, on the other hand, need less (1% of their body weight).

Puppies under 4 months of age normally regulate their food intake and tend not to overeat; however, there are certain individuals that tend to gorge themselves until their belly get distended.  In this case, regulate the food intake at the 2-3% level to prevent obesity.  If, on the other hand, the dog does not put on any weight despite a healthy appetite, have a veterinarian perform a fecal examination to find out if the animal harbors any worms or other parasites.

A paradigm shift from commercial pet food back to the natural way of feeding our pets can help us in our global advocacy of protecting the environment.  We would do away with the manufacturing and use of junk pet-food.  Essential resources like land, cereal crops, processing materials, and others can be utilized for other useful purposes.  There would also be a lesser need for harmful products (pharmaceuticals, shampoos, insecticides, etc.) produced by harmful industries.  People who naturally raise other animals for food purposes will be supported and will serve as a structure for a more environmental friendly industry.

In retrospect, I would like to quote a statement from Dr. Lonsdale book, “Work Wonders – Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones,” where he states that we should let our minds travel back to a time when Nature’s teachings were the first and only set of instructions.  Rightly so, we should get back to Nature, get back to the basics.  Nature can never go wrong only our cultural conditioning and programming is the one that is flawed.

1 Jennifer Viegas, “Prehistoric Dog Found with Mammoth Bone in Mouth,”, http://news. (accessed July 5, 2014).

2 Tom Lonsdale, Work Wonders – Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones, Rivetco P/L, 2005.

3 Myths About Raw Feeding – Myth: Dogs Have Been Domesticated so Long That They Have Adapted to Cooked Diets,, /cooked.html (accessed July 7, 2014).

4 G.A. Feldhamer, Mammology: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology, (McGraw-Hill, 1999), pp. 258-259.

5 G.A. Feldhamer, Mammology: Adaptation, Diversity, and Ecology, (McGraw-Hill, 1999), p. 260.

6 Myths About Raw Feeding – Myth: Dogs Are Ominivores,,

omnivores.html (accessed July 7, 2014).

7 Myths About Raw Feeding – Myth: Dogs Are Too Far Removed From Wolves/Have Been Changed Too Much, and Therefore Cannot Handle a Raw Diet,, (accessed July 7, 2014).

8 Myths About Raw Feeding – Myth: Millions of Dogs are Safely Eating ‘Complete and Balanced’ Commercial Foods Each Day,, (accessed July 7, 2014).

9 Susan Thixton, “It’s All Chicken to Pet Food,”, (accessed July 7, 2014).

10 Dr. Karen Becker, “The Best “Pet” Food Money Can Buy… And the Absolute Worst,”, (accessed July 7, 2014).

11 Dr. Karen Becker, “Did You Know a Raw Diet Can Literally Feed Your Pet Into Good Health?,”, (accessed August 14, 2014).

12 Myths About raw Feeding — Rebuttal to Second Chance Ranch/My Blue Dog Raw Meat Page,, (accessed August 14, 2014).

13 Tom Lonsdale, Why Not ‘BARF’?,,

petowners/whynotBARF.php (accessed August 14, 2014).

14 Myths About Raw Feeding – Switching a Dog to a Raw Diet,,

myths/switch.html (accessed July 7, 2014).

15 Myths About Raw Feeding – Feeding Dogs A Raw Diet: Practical Answers to Practical Questions,, (accessed July 7, 2014).


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Cedar Oil As A Natural Insecticide

Figure 1. Cedar oil in a bottle courtesy of

Cedar oil, also known as cedarwood oil, is an essential oil extracted from the pine family of trees and shrubs.1   It is used in a range of fragrance applications such as soap, perfumes, household sprays, floor polishes and insecticides.2




Figure 2. Egyptian embalming process courtesy of i1375.photobucket .com

It was used in ancients times to produce paint by

Figure 3. Ancient Sumerian painting courtesy of http://www.pinterest .com

the Sumerians, made the embalming process in ancient Egypt less costly and was used in India as an

insecticide and antifungal.2




Figure 4. Cedar oil aromatherapy product courtesy of http://www.emuseum

Today, cedar oil is used in aromatherapy, the food industry and as an insect repellent.

Figure 5. Dr. Ben’s Paws & Claws Cedar Oil Spray for Dogs and Cats

As an insecticide, cedar oil leaches the insects body from moisture and dehydrates them.3 It irritates the respiratory system of the insects suppressing their breathing and later on they are forced not to breathe to avoid this extremely irritating substance.3 The cedar oil aroma triggers the insect’s danger response that results in the closure of its breathing pores leading to a drop in the insect’s organ temperature and instant death.4 It also interrupts and attacks the octopamine neuro-receptors, crucial for neurotransmitter’s regulation of metabolism, movement, feeding, reproduction and behavior.3 It also dissolves the eggs, larvae, pupae, and erodes the exoskeleton and cuticle of adult insects, exposing their inner delicate parts.3 There is no mechanism by which any insect can develop resistance to this oil.3

There are other health benefits of cedar oil like its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic property which is of value in treating a variety of skin diseases resulting from the inflammatory and septic conditions of the skin when it is exposed to external parasites and infectious agents.


1 “Pinaceae,” en., (accessed June 24, 2014).

2 “Cedar oil,”, (accessed June 24, 2014).

3 “Dr. Ben’s Paws & Claws 16 oz Cedar Oil Spray,”, (accessed March 14, 2014).

4 “Biting Bug Spray – Mother Nature’s Organic Pest Killer What is it? How does it work?,”, (accessed June 23, 2014).


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The Danger of Using Commercial Underarm Deodorants


Figure 1. Picture of underarm courtesy of freerecipehealthbeauty


Figure 2. Commercial deodorants courtesy of

One of the personal toiletries that you can’t do without is underarm deodorant. The anatomy of our armpits makes it a natural incubator for bacteria that feeds on the sweat coming off it. This produces the intolerable stinky smell which oozes out from that area. Unfortunately, just like all other consumer products mass produced by our modern civilization, commercial underarm deodorants are laced with toxic chemicals like aluminum and parabens which are known to cause a variety of health problems.

Figure 3. Picture of aluminum salts courtesy of loveandlooks.blogspot .com

Aluminum salts are a commonly used ingredient because it acts by clogging, closing, or blocking the pores that release sweat under the arms. Perspiration is suppressed in the process preventing underarm odor since bacteria in this area feeds on the sweat produced. However, this has the detrimental effect of blocking one of your body’s route for detoxification (releasing toxins via your underarm sweat) and also provides the route wherein aluminum can enter the human body.¹ This metal accounts for 25 percent of the volume of some antiperspirants and the use of such products can significantly increase the amount of the metal absorbed by the body.¹

Aluminum is a neurotoxin and has been linked to cases of Alzheimer’s Disease, respiratory problems, renal diseases and DNA damage.²

Alzheimer’s disease is a human form of chronic aluminum

Figure 4. Cross sectional illustration of brain with Alzheimer’s courtesy of

neurotoxicity.³ Aluminum’s similarity to iron in ionic size allows it to use iron-evolved mechanisms to enter iron-dependent cells and accumulate to toxic levels leading to a variety of neuronal pathology.³

Figure 5. Molecular structure of methylparaben courtesy of

Parabens are used as preservatives in antiperspirants, cosmetic products, personal care products and even drugs. It has been shown through various studies to have estrogenic activity making it a risk factor for estrogen-sensitive cancers like cancer of the breast.¹

Figure 6. Breast cancer courtesy of kterrl.files

According to the January 2012 issue of the Journal of Toxicology, there are one or more paraben esters in 99 percent of the 150 tissue samples collected from 40 mastectomies.⁴ This shows that parabens can bioaccumulate in breast tissue regardless of the source. The safety of this substance has never been established from the beginning. Toxicology studies are lacking and not a single study on carcinogenicity follows acceptable regulatory standard study protocols.¹ Only one rat study from 1956 is still being used as a basis for safetiness.¹

Figure 7. Alum (crystal deodorant stone) courtesy of

Chemical, aluminum and paraben-free deodorants have cropped up on the market as safer alternatives. Even the use of “crystal” deodorant stones containing the compound potassium alum are being used by health-conscious shoppers as a safer alternative. However, this compound is not completely aluminum-free since it is also a form of aluminum called potassium aluminum sulfate.¹

Other alternatives include washing your armpits with soap and water and sunbathing the armpits themselves. Both are effective but their effects are of short duration especially if you sweat a lot.

Another alternative is to make your own homemade all-natural deodorant using ingredients that you can purchase in the grocery store.

This recipe is taken off from the Blog:

Figure 8. Baking soda, Virgin Coconut oil & Tea Tree Oil

6 tbsp coconut oil (preferably virgin coconut oil)
1/4 cup (4 tbsp) baking soda
1/4 cup (4 tbsp) arrowroot or cornstarch
5 drops tea tree essential oil

Mixing instructions:

1. Mix baking soda and arrowroot/cornstarch powder together in a medium sized bowl.
2. Slowly add the coconut oil and work it in with a spoon or hand blender until it maintains a firm but pliable

Figure 9. Corn starch courtesy of .uk

texture. It should be about the same texture as commercial deodorant, solid but able to be applied easily. If it is too wet, add further arrowroot/cornstarch powder to thicken.
3. Add about 5 drops of tea tree essential oil.
4. Place the concoction in a glass or plastic container with lid and apply with fingers with each use.

Baking soda is known to absorb odors, arrowroot and cornstarch absorbs moisture, virgin coconut oil is a natural antibacterial and antifungal same with the tea tree essential oil. The addition of this essential oil would synergize the antibacterial effect of coconut oil thereby increasing the deodorant effect of the concoction.

The deodorant effect of the recipe is good for at least 24 hours and more if you don’t sweat too much. I’m speaking from experience of using this recipe myself.




¹ Dr. Joseph Mercola, “99% of Breast Cancer Tissue Contained This Everyday Chemical (NOT Aluminum),”, (accessed April 19, 2014).

² Melinda Briana Epler, “How To Make Your Own Deodorant (A Very Simple Recipe),”, (accessed April 19, 2014).

³ Dr. J.R. Walton, “Chronic Aluminum Intake Causes Alzheimer’s Disease: Applying Sir Austin Bradford Hill’s Causality Criteria,” Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease 40 (2014):765–838.

⁴ Journal of Applied Toxicology, April 201: 31(3):262-9.

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The Gift of Health From Clay


Figure 1. Volcanic ash spewing from a volcano courtesy of science engineering images

Clay comes from volcanic ash.  When a volcano erupts and spews lava, the ash that is produced is blown into the atmosphere and settles to the ground.  It is not “dirt” but highly negative charged trace minerals, tightly bound together.¹  These trace minerals were formed from volcanic ash that landed in inland seas, lake beds, rivers and streams.  The thermodynamic heat from the volcano burnt out all impurities leaving super charged, tightly bound, inert trace minerals.¹

According to geochemist Lynda Williams from the Arizona State University, clay has a crystalline structure that is both flexible and fluid.  They are like very thin, two-nanometer-thick slices of bread in a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.¹  The charged cations is the “peanut butter” portion.  Organic compounds compose the “jelly” portion.  The peanut butter and jelly portion of the sandwich form the interlayer.  This interlayer can vary in width and composition depending on the kinds of water and elements present when it was formed.  This layer is where much of the elemental variability between clays can be found.¹


Figure 2. Kaolin clay courtesy of

Clay falls into seven family groups: kaolin clays, illite clays, chlorite clays, vermiculite clays, mixed group clays, lath-formed clays and smectite clays.²

Kaolin clays are used in anti-diarrheal medications (Kaopectate®).



Figure 3. Illite clay courtesy of

Figure 3. Illite clay courtesy of

Illite clays are used for cosmetic purposes in the form of “mud” formulations in health spa use.

Chlorite clays are used in commercial

Figure 4. Chlorite clay courtesy of

Figure 4. Chlorite clay courtesy of

cleaning powders like Clorox cleansing,
scrubbing powder.



Figure 5. Vermiculite clay courtesy of soils and hydrology images

Figure 5. Vermiculite clay courtesy of soils and hydrology images

Vermiculite clays are used for making china, pottery and porcelain finishes on metals.

Mixed group clays are produced when a volcano spews ash from several different internal plate formations.

Lath-formed clays are mixed group clay used in brick making.

Smectite clay is the one used mainly for health and dietary purposes

Figure 6. Smectite clay courtesy of

Figure 6. Smectite clay courtesy of

as well as industrial applications.  From this family comes calcium bentonite clay which is the number one choice for detoxing, internal cleansing and any sort of healing use.

Clays are able to absorb toxic substances because of their unique structure which provides millions of pores or sieves that let in small molecules that fit into the cavities while excluding the larger ones.  The negative electrical charge of the clay also attracts these substances into the pores of the clay.  When it comes in contact with the positively charged substances

Figure 7. Charges on clay particles courtesy of

Figure 7. Charges on clay particles courtesy of agushoe.files.

like metals, toxins, bacteria and others it attracts them like a magnet.  The clay both adsorbs the substances (attaches it to its surface) and absorbs them as well.  The negative charge also has the advantage of only attracting positively charged harmful substances and leaving alone the beneficial substances in the body.

As an internal cleanser of the body, clay binds with toxic substances within the body and removes them together with the stool.  It is not metabolized or digested by the body but stimulates muscular contractions of the bowels to move food and stool.³

Michel Abehsera states in his book The Healing Clay that clay accelerates oxidation and circulation, stimulates defensive functions, acts like a light massage, and is a balancer and revitalizer.

Ran Knishinsky, in his book The Clay Cure, wrote that the clay facial

Figure 8. Clay facial mask courtesy of

Figure 8. Clay facial mask courtesy of

mask deep-cleans pores, exfoliates dead cells, and leaves the skin feeling soft and clean.  He further states that it stimulates skin circulation and has an astringent action on sagging tissues.

Clay can eliminate food allergies, treat food poisoning, mucus colitis, spastic colitis, viral infections, stomach flu, and parasites.4  It enriches and balances the blood, adsorbs radiation, relieves pain, treats alcoholism, arthritis, cataracts, diabetic neuropathy, open wounds, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, stomach ulcers, animal bites, insect bites, acne, anemia, cholera and others.4

Clay has also been used to treat burns, hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, chicken pox pustules, eczema, psoriasis and rashes.

Clay applied as a wrap around the wrists, covered and left overnight helps in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.1

Clay, specifically calcium bentonite clay can be used as fertilizer for horticultural uses.  The roots of small plants, trees, bushes and big plants can be soaked in a clay mixture and then transplanted or replanted.5  It improves the balance of acidic soil and when mixed with organic debri, it improves the soil’s fertility.5  Mixed with water, it can be used as a plant insect repellant, as well as an anti-bacterial and antifungal spray.5

Figure 9. Eating clay or geophagy courtesy of

Figure 9. Eating clay or geophagy courtesy of

The ancient people and animals in all parts of the world have been eating clay also known as geophagy as a sort of cure or nutritional supplement.4

It is called “Ee-Wah-Kee” by the native Americans which means “The-Mud-That-Heals.”  Earth from a lick near Lake Chad known as kanwa is used as a ration for animals and humans in Nigeria.  Tribes in the high Andes, Central Africa and Aborigines of Australia used clay dissolved in water to combat dysentery and food infections.4

In the rain forests of New Guinea, parrots, pigeons, and crows eat the

Figure 10. Cockatoos eating bare dirt containing clay courtesy of

Figure 10. Cockatoos eating bare dirt containing clay courtesy of

bare dirt containing clay to bind and deactivate plant toxins present in fruit seeds and flowers.6

Raymond Dextreit, in his book Our Earth Our Cure, states that clay is a powerful agent of stimulation, transformation and transmission.  It is able to induce cellular rebuilding and to hasten all organic processes.  Internally, clay goes to the place where disease, damage or pathogenic substances are located, lodges there for several days and draws out the pus, toxins, etc. before being evacuated out of the body.4

Figure 12. A leg afflicted with MRSA courtesy of

Figure 12. A leg afflicted with MRSA courtesy of

Clay have also been shown to be effective in killing Salmonela, E. coli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
(PRSA), and Mycobacterium

Figure 11. Mycobacterium ulcerans (flesh-eating disease) courtesy of

Figure 11. Mycobacterium ulcerans (flesh-eating disease) courtesy of

ulcerans (the
that causes


Figure 13. Buruli ulcer courtesy of

Figure 13. Buruli ulcer courtesy of domekaformadero.



It is also effective against Buruli ulcer, a flesh-eating bacterial disease found primarily in central and western Africa.1


Russian scientists use clay, specifically bentonite clay to protect them

Figure 14. Russian nuclear workers in full radiation suits courtesy of

Figure 14. Russian nuclear workers in full radiation suits courtesy of proof. nationalgeographic. com

from radiation.  They would coat their hands and body before donning their radiation suits so in case radiation would leak through the suit, the clay would adsorb it.  It was also used as a covering material at the damaged nuclear reactor at Chernobyl.1


Picture of clay courtesy of

Figure 15. Picture of clay courtesy of http://www.glasshouse

Clay is Mother Earth’s resonant, life enhancing, living and intelligent material.7  It has a life force energy, and an innate ability to communicate in the same life enhancing language.7




1 “Clay Research,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

2 “Kinds of Clay,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

3 “Clay Uses – The Best Internal Cleanser,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

4 Raymond Dextreit, “Our Earth, Our Cure – Clay Therapy Healing Clay – Healing Earth,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

5 “Clay Uses – Horticultural Uses,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

6 Jareed Diamond, “Eat Dirt: in the competition between parrots and fruit trees,”, (accessed May 3, 2014).

7 Adam Abraham, “Why Dr. House doesn’t prescribe living clay,”, (accessed May 2, 2014).

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Are Chemical Pest Control Products For Pets Really Safe?

Fig 1. Picture of assorted pet pesticide products courtesy of

Fig 1. Picture of assorted pet pesticide products courtesy of

The use of chemical pest control products on our pets as a way to control external parasites (fleas, ticks, mange mites, etc.) has been a long established treatment protocol advocated by the veterinary medical establishment and the chemical pesticide industry.  This industry, like the pharmaceutical industry, is a multi-million dollar one with new players coming into the picture with their own innovations and formulations.  However, these chemicals are not without their dangers since they are biological poisons that can kill both the parasites and the hosts that they feed on.  It is ironic that the warning labels on these products state that you should avoid getting it on your skin, wear gloves and other protective clothing, wash you hands and properly dispose protective gear that has been used in handling these products and keep it away from children and pets.  If that were the case then common sense will tell you that you shouldn’t put these chemicals on your furry companions in the first place.  IT’S LIKE YOU FEEDING YOUR PET RAT POISON WHEN YOU KNOW IT’S RAT POISON.

Majority of these products use organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates as their active ingredient.  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the United States have long recognized OPs as the ones that pose a highest risk to human health.¹  Studies have shown incidences of reproductive problems (birth defects, fetal death, fetal malformations, miscarriages, male infertility, etc.), weakened immune system, nervous system disorders (brain damage, Parkinson’s disease, hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorder, etc.) and a variety of cancers (breast cancer, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, neuroblastoma, prostate cancer, lung cancer, etc.).

Here’s an ABC news video featuring these dangerous pet pesticides courtesy of Youtube —

OPs act by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase.  This enzyme is responsible for the destruction of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.  The continuous neurotransmission by acetyklcholine produces muscular contractions followed by paralysis and later on death.  Carbamates are closely related to OPs and share the same mechanism of action.

For decades the manufacture and sale of animal pesticide products were allowed by the EPA without the need for extensive testing and study of such products to determine their safeness.  In 1996, the Food Quality Protection Act was passed requiring the said agency to study the accumulated effect of pesticides on people not just from food, but from all sources (animal pesticides, home pesticide products, industrial pesticide products, etc.) and to estimate the cumulative effect of pesticides and other chemicals that have the same mechanism of action.

Despite years of failing to comply satisfactorily with the act, the agency has determined through risk assessments of the major OPs that a child’s exposure to individual OPs in pet products on the day of treatment alone can exceed safe levels by up to 500 times (50,000%).²  Exposures to a longer period of time exceeds safe levels even to a greater degree.

Risk of poisoning among children is due to the fact that they are in close contact with their pets accidentally ingesting the chemical insecticides from the skin and fur of the animal.  They also spend time in places or with objects (rugs, pet toys, house dust, dog houses and more) that have insecticide residues providing constant exposure and accidental ingestion.

Poisoning and adverse health effects on adults, on the other hand, usually involves people working in pet clinics and grooming centers doing insecticide dips with client animals.  These workers are two-and-a-half times more likely to have health problems than workers not exposed to such products.²  Even consumers who do the dipping themselves have an increased risk of developing health problems.

Children are also significantly vulnerable to the long-term health effects of these chemicals since their physiological systems are still developing. These chemicals can interrupt and have irreversible effects on the biological development of a child leading to neoplastic and degenerative diseases later in life.

Contamination of our food supply and the environment is also of great concern since we still face a continuing toxic assault on our planet through the toxic waste products of manufacturing these chemicals, runoff from products that are applied outdoors, contamination of ground water and improper disposal of hazardous waste materials from these products.

It was stated earlier that these products use OPs and carbamates as their active ingredient but if you read the product label, there are other ingredients or “inert” ingredients added to the formulation besides the main ingredient.  This is quite disconcerting since these ingredients are usually not disclosed by the manufacturers.  They are considered “trade secrets” and are subjected to less testing by the EPA.  Many of these “inert” ingredients are as toxic, or even more toxic than the active ingredient itself.³

What, therefore, are the alternatives?  Are there more safer ways to keep your pets pest free?

First of all, parasites tend to proliferate on animals that have been weakened either by injury or disease.  This is a common clinical observation of pets harboring a whole lot of parasites on their bodies.  They are usually skinny, malnourished, sluggish and generally weak.  So the first order of battle against parasites is to ensure that your pet is in optimum health and that his/her immune system is strong.  You do this by feeding them a nutritious, balanced and appropriate diet (raw meat and bones), giving vitamin and mineral supplements, daily grooming to remove external parasites and dirt on the fur and skin, daily exercise, cleaning and treatment of the environment where your pets spend their time without the use of poisonous cleaning agents or insecticides and regular bathing.

These overall health fortification and pest control strategies can then be supplemented with the use of more natural and non-toxic insect repellents like cedar oil, neem oil, lemongrass oil, cinnamon oil, castor oil and others.

Fig 2. Picture of Juniperus virginiana courtesy of

Fig 2. Picture of Juniperus virginiana courtesy of

Cedar oil is a natural insect repellent extracted from cedar wood (Juniperus virginiana).  The aroma of the oil acts as a pheromone interruption agent that impairs the mental capacity of non-beneficial insects (fleas, ticks, mosquitoes, etc.).⁴

Fig 3. Picture of neem oil courtesy of

Fig 3. Picture of neem plant and oil courtesy of

Neem oil is another natural insect repellent oil extracted from the leaves and seeds of the neem plant.  Neem repels insects, inhibits their feeding, and disrupts their growth, metamorphosis and reproduction.⁴

Lemongrass, cinnamon, sesame, and castor oil are other natural oils that helps repel a variety of pests.

Where can you buy these natural insect repellents?

There are a whole lot of manufacturers abroad and online who offer a whole range of products containing these natural insect repellents.  You can check Shirley Robinson’s webpage at and Dr. Becker’s webpage at for their recommendations.

¹ “Children Risk Acute Poisoning and Long-term Health Effects from Toxic Flea and Tick Products,”, (accessed March 14, 2014).

² “Poisons on Pets,”, (accessed March 14, 2014).

³ Kathleen Dudley, “Are “Spot-On” Flea Killers Safe?,” The Whole Dog Journal (February 2002):18.

⁴”Beware of the Danger of Chemical Pest Control Products – Learn about Safe Alternatives with Natural Organic Pest Control,”, (accessed March 14, 2014).

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Raw Feeding Our Pets Versus Feeding Commercial Pet Food

Starting in the latter part of the nineteenth century, the pet-food industry has been an influential force dictating the nutritional needs of our pets.  They have culturally conditioned us to accept commercial pet food as a complete meal for our furry companions displacing the old, natural ways of feeding.  It may be convenient for an average pet owner to open a bag of kibble or a can of dog or cat mix but is it a natural diet in the first place and is it 100% complete as claimed?

                Dogs and cats are carnivores (meat eaters).  Their natural diet is fresh meat and given the chance they would also prey on other animals like their close cousin the wolf.  They have teeth that are designed to tear and rip into animal flesh and bone.  They also have a short and acidic digestive system that can tolerate bacteria usually present in raw flesh.

Figure 1.  A pack tearing into an elk carcass courtesy of

Figure 1. A pack tearing into an elk carcass courtesy of

             According to Dr. Tom Lonsdale, author of the book, “Work Wonders: Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones”, ripping and tearing at whole carcasses provides dogs with the full medicinal effects of ‘tooth brushing’ and ‘flossing’ at every feeding session.  He also states that the action of ripping and tearing raw meat from bones exercises the jaw muscles, neck and chest, stimulates the flow of digestive juices, and boosts the neurological, hormonal and immune systems.

                In recent years, especially after the melamine and cyanuric acid contamination of pet food in 2007, a lot of experts and pet owners have been advocating “raw feeding” as a way of reviving the old feeding practices.

Figure 2.  Pet food ingredient label courtesy of

Figure 2. Pet food ingredient label courtesy of

A diet of raw meat and bones is not only rich in the needed protein and minerals but also in enzymes and other micronutrients.  Commercial pet food, on the other hand, is processed and contains other ingredients like grains (ground yellow corn, soybean meal, corn gluten meal, whole grain cereals and others), meat by-products (meat and bone meal, poultry by-products, animal fat, chicken meal and others), vitamin and mineral supplements and additives.

                Meat that has been cooked and processed loses a lot of its nutritional content as well as the natural enzymes and micronutrients which would naturally be present in raw meat.

                Grains per se are not bad.  It can provide carbohydrates, some protein, fiber, B-vitamins and trace minerals but they should not be a nutritional foundation of a diet intended for a dog or cat.  Carnivores don’t have dietary requirements for complex carbohydrates.  Grains need to be chewed well so that it could be digested but carnivores don’t chew their food much and they can’t produce enough of the enzyme amylase to properly digest and process the carbohydrates.  The proteins in grains are less digestible than animal proteins irritating and weakening the immune system resulting to the development of allergies and other chronic immune problems.

Figure 3.  Rendered meat by-products being processed in a processing plant courtesy of

Figure 3. Rendered meat by-products being processed in a processing plant courtesy of

                Meat by-products have questionable nutritional value since such ingredients are usually sourced from waste by-products of meat processing.

                Feeding raw meat and bones, however, isn’t without any problems.  In most cases, dogs would show initial intolerance by vomiting, regurgitation or passing out loose stools.  The solution, according to Dr. Lonsdale, is to offer it in big pieces so that the dog can practice ripping and tearing and wouldn’t eat too fast.  Also, it gives the dog’s system time to adjust to the new diet.  Large pieces of meat and bone  also prevents choking and constipation.  Raw meat, also, would normally have bacteria and parasites in it but our pets’ digestive system can tolerate it.  However, it is important that you buy clean and fresh meat from a reliable source.  Pet owners can also make the mistake of feeding too much of a food item giving rise to an assortment of nutrient imbalances and disease conditions.  Dr. Lonsdale recommends providing 70% of the diet as raw, meaty bones and the balance can be made up of offals (edible internal organs like liver, lungs, trachea, heart, omasum, tripe, tongue, pancreas and spleen) and table scraps.

Figure 4.  Preparing raw meat courtesy of

Figure 4. Preparing raw meat courtesy of

                 How do you make the transition from commercial pet food to raw food?  The first step is to gradually replace the old diet with the new.  Stick with one food type first until you have completely changed the diet to raw food.  Whole chickens or chicken backs and frames make a good initial meal for all sizes of dogs.[1]

                Give small pieces of chicken first, wait an hour for the dog to eat the chicken and if it is not eaten then return it to the refrigerator until the next day.  It might take a couple of days before your dog will be forced to eat it out of hunger and submission.[1]

                If the above technique doesn’t work, Dr. Lonsdale suggests chopping some chicken meat and mixing it with familiar food gradually increasing the proportions of chicken over a few days and then substituting with large pieces of chicken on the bone.  He also suggests smearing canned food or crunched kibble into the raw meat and bones.

                Another technique that he suggests is fasting the animal for 24 hours and then offering the raw meat and bones.

                After about a week, if there are no problems, a variety of other raw meat and bones can be fed: beef, pork, lamb, goat, deer, rabbit and others.  Allow an interval of one week or so to present a new food item.[1]

                Young or sick animals can be fed chopped or grounded raw meat and offal.

                Individuals that are sensitive or allergic to a particular meat type can be fed other types of meat.  It’s a matter of trial and error.

                The feeding regimen is the same as in commercial pet food.  You can start puppies on raw food at three weeks of age.  Chicken backs and frames, rabbit, and fish are good choices.  Seventy percent of the diet should be raw meat and bones as stated earlier.  The 22% may consist of offals and other body parts like ox cheek, tongue and others.  The rest can be filled up with table scraps.

Figure 5.  Picture of table scraps courtesy of

Figure 5. Picture of table scraps courtesy of

                When feeding table scraps, Dr. Lonsdale advises not to feed too much starchy, sugary food (rice, potato, bread, pastries and others).  Ripe, raw fruit can be given.  Other items to avoid in table scraps includes: excessive meat off the bone, small bones, cooked bones, onions and garlic, grapes and raisins, fruit pits, corn cobs and chocolate.

                The raw meaty bone average needs of small dogs tend to be about 3% of their own body weight daily.  So, a 5 kg dog would need about 0.15 kg of raw meaty bones daily or 1 kg of it in a week.  Big dogs need less food so the average can be as low as 1% of their body weight daily.[2]

                As to the frequency of feeding, puppies, one month to 4 months of age, can be fed three times a day.  At 4 to 6 months of age, frequency can be lowered to twice a day.  Adult dogs, 6 months of age and up, can be fed only once a day.[2]

                In the TV show, “The Dog Whisperer”, on the National Geographic Channel, Cesar Millan showed on one of his episodes, his whole pack together with the problematic Chihuahua eating raw meat and bones.  Even in the movie, “Tron Legacy”, there was a scene wherein Sam Flynn’s character was giving a piece of raw meat to his pet dog.  What does this mean?  Well, it goes to show that the global culture creator, Hollywood, and even dog experts recognizes people’s awareness towards raw feeding.  We should thank the tireless efforts of Dr. Lonsdale, countless advocacies and individuals that have cropped up through the years motivating and inspiring people to again accept the old ways of feeding our cherished companions.  It is hoped that this would inspire all dog lovers out there to provide the kind of food that their pets deserve.

                For additional information and guidance regarding raw feeding, the following web pages are recommended:,,, and Raw Fed Dogs.

[1] Tom Lonsdale, Work Wonders: Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones , (New South Wales: Rivetco P/L, 2005), pp. 44 – 48.

[2] Tom Lonsdale, Work Wonders: Feed Your Dog Raw Meaty Bones , (New South Wales: Rivetco P/L, 2005), pp. 27 – 28.


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Vitamin C: A Nutrient and A Cure

Vitamin C also known as ascorbic acid is a chemical moleculeAscorbic-Acidbrandsghot produced enzymatically from  glucose.As life on our planet evolved into more complex organisms, more ascorbic acid was needed to keep the multicellular systems better able to adapt in a changing environment.  Unfortunately, man, some other primates, and two other mammals have skewed from the evolutionary path of ascorbic acid synthesis.  This was due to a mutation (change in the sequence of a DNA molecule) which prevented the production of the last enzyme (L-gulonolactone oxidase) in the series needed to convert glucose to ascorbic acid.This mutation, therefore, made man and the other involved species susceptible to a myriad of diseases resulting from a deficiency in ascorbic acid.

The well known “classical” form of ascorbic acid or vitamin C deficiency is called acute scurvy.1  It is caused by prolonged deprivation of this nutrient combined with the stresses leveled against the organism.  Symptoms consist of a change in skin color from the normal pink to a yellow or ashen color.  The organism becomes lethargic, tires easily and is sleepy.  There’s transitory pain being felt in the joints and limbs.  The gums become sore, bloody, congested, and spongy.  There are reddish spots or small pinpoint bleeding spots on the skin.  All of this pathology becomes more severe as the disease progresses steadily until death becomes inevitable.

Early attempts to combat this disease were done through previous knowledge and experiences of using certain foods or nutrients which provided beneficial effects against scurvy.

In the middle of the eighteenth century, a more scientific study was performed by James Lind, surgeon’s mate of the British navy.  By utilizing navy personnel as guinea pigs, he was able to find a good, natural source of ascorbic acid from citrus fruits but it took almost two centuries before it was finally synthesized and isolated through the works of J.L. Svirbely and Szent-Gyorgyi.  The final isolation and synthesis of this nutrient has provided an effective treatment against acute scurvy.

Up until 1966, medical researchers were oriented on the hypothesis that scurvy is a dietary deficiency that could be cured or prevented by ingesting small amounts of ascorbic acid.  In the same year, biochemist, chemical engineer and author, Irwin Stone published his paper On the Genetic Etiology of Scurvy explaining that scurvy in non-ascorbic acid producing mammals is due to a genetic liver-enzyme disease and not a dietary disturbance.  As was stated in the beginning of this article, man and certain mammals lack the enzyme needed to convert glucose to ascorbic acid.  Dr. Stone calls this condition as “hypoascorbemia” which means that there is a low level of the said nutrient in the blood.  He further stated that, “hypoascorbemia can be corrected by supplying the individual with ascorbic acid in the amounts the liver would be making and supplying to the body if the enzyme were not missing.”

Due to the absence of human studies, Dr. Stone referenced studies on rats to determine feasible dosages that would correct different degrees of hypoascorbemia.  According to his determinations, a 70 kilogram adult would need a daily dose of 2,000 to 4,000 milligrams (2 to 4 grams) under normal or less stressful conditions.  If the condition becomes otherwise or more severe, he recommends an increased dose of 15,000 milligrams (15 grams) and more.1

Another advocate of megavitamin therapy, Dr. Frederick Klenner has determined through clinical experience that 350 milligrams of vitamin C per kilogram of body weight per day and even higher was effective in treating a whole range of diseases and that the most effective route of administration was through the vein.  Later on in the recovery phase, vitamin C is given orally.2

As for maintenance, he recommends 10 grams of ascorbic acid daily for adults and that children up to ten years of age should be given one gram per year of age.2

He has extensive clinical experience in treating diseases such as viral pneumonia, poliomyelitis, herpes, measles, mumps, diphtheria, diabetes, heavy metal poisoning, and others.

To quote Dr. Abram Hoffer in his editorial “The Megavitamin Revolution”: “The test to determine whether a treatment has become popular within the medical profession is to measure the relative strength of the positive and negative assertions made about the treatment.”  Unfortunately, the concept of using large doses of ascorbic acid to affect a cure continues to be attacked by the medical establishment, mainstream media and other groups who have vested interests in the health care system.  Random clinical trials and review of clinical trials have been referenced to show the ineffectiveness of vitamins and even its harmful effects on the human body.  The studies and research of Dr. Klenner, Dr. Stone, Dr. Pauling, Dr. Hoffer, Dr. Szent-Gyorgyi and others have been ignored and unrecognized by their peers for decades.  This is in sharp contrast to the early nineties wherein the International Herald Tribune posted an article praising the use of vitamins in megadoses.  This was followed by a statement made by Dr. S.N. Meydani of the Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, stating the need to determine optimal levels of vitamins to treat lifelong and age-associated diseases.  Dr. Jialal of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center even emphasizes the need for more studies after achieving impressive results in the use of vitamin E.  He even planned to start taking the supplement daily.

It is sad that we have a substance that is simple, cheap, natural and really effective in curing a variety of diseases.  Fortunately, a huge percentage of people have long taken the hint and have been taking vitamin supplements for years with or without the approval of their doctors.  This is not an ideal situation but a cure is a cure and people don’t want to wait forever for a seal of approval from the experts.

Quoting Dr. Klenner in his paper titled Clinical Guide to the Use of Vitamin C: “He believed in the healing power of nature, but believed that natural remedies could enhance that power and were safer and usually more effective than drugs.  Hippocrates said, ‘Of several remedies the physician should choose the least sensational.’  Vitamin C fills that criterion.”


1 Irwin Stone, The Healing Factor Vitamin C Against Disease. (New York: The Putnam Publishing Group, 1972), pp. 3 – 11.

2 Frederick R. Klenner, M.D., F.C.C.P., “1971 Dr. Klenner Vitamin C Paper,” Journal of Applied Nutrition 23 (Winter 1971).